Afrikaanse uitspraak-probleme in Engels

5 Engelse uitspraak-wenke vir Afrikaanssprekendes wat hul Engelse aksent wil verbeter

South Africa

Accent Reduction for Afrikaans Speakers

5 English pronunciation tips for Afrikaans speakers who want to improve their English accent:


1) The KIT-BIT Split

  • Here, we are talking about words that generally have a single ‘i’ in the spelling.
  • The words kit and bit rhyme in a Standard English accent. They both have the vowel [ɪ].
  • In Afrikaans, kit has the vowel [ɪ] and bit [ə].
  •  Here are the rules in Afrikaans:
    • Pronounced as [ɪ] when it is in the stressed syllable and:
      • Next to a velar consonant (/k, g, ŋ (NG)/): lick, kiss, gift, big, sing
      • Before /h/: hit
      • At the beginning of a word: inn
      • Before /ʃ/ (SH): fish
      • Sometimes before /ʧ/ (CH) and /ʤ/ (J): ditch, bridge
    • Otherwise it is pronounced like a [ə]:
      • bit, lip, tin, slim, minute, limited
  • So if you are an Afrikaans speaker, isolate the correct vowel sound [ɪ] in words like bit, kiss, hit etc. and start using it in words like bit, lip, tin etc.


2) R

  • Don’t touch the top of your mouth when making a R sound.

3) Devoicing

  • In Afrikaans:
    • /b/ at the end of a word will sound like a /p/.
    • /d/ at the end of a word will sound like a /t/.
    • /g/ at the end of a word will sound like a /k/.
  • In English, the sounds must stay the same. Compare:
    • cap – cab
    • sheet – she’d
    • back – bag

4) TH

  • This sound is made by putting the tip of the tongue by the back of the upper front teeth. Ensure it is touching the teeth.
  • Don’t make a F, V or D sound. Compare:
  • Ffin – thin
  • V fervour – further
  • Dden – then

5) “e” and “a”

  • Lower the tongue both of these vowel sounds!
  • Compare:
    • set – sat
    • bed – bad
    • head – had

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